Cataract FAQ

10 Jan Cataract FAQ

What is Cataract?

Cataract is a clouding of the natural lens in our eye, resulting in poor vision. Most commonly, it is due to aging, but it can be congenital as well as acquired, such as trauma, medications (eg: steroids, traditional medications), co-existing medical disease such as diabetes mellitus, and raditation.

Who will get cataract?

Everyone will get cataract when we grow old. Currently, there is no proven medication that can stop the progression of cataract.

How does it look like?
How will the eye look like after the surgery?
When do I need to do cataract surgery?

It is a misnomer to wait for the cataract to “ripe” as the poor vision will continue to affect your quality of life. As the cataract hardens and worsens with time, hence the term “ripe”, you will also be older, and it will also be technically more challenging to perform the cataract surgery.

When you feel that the poor vision, resulting from cataract, has affected your activities of daily living, e.g: driving, watching TV, reading, playing sports, that is the time for you to get it treated.

How is cataract surgery done?

It is done by using a special instrument to emulsify (melt) and remove the lens from the eye. A new artificial intraocular lens, is then implanted into the eye. The intraocular lenses differ, from monofocal to multifocal lens, to meet the needs of different individual.

The procedure takes 10 to 15 minutes per eye surgery, and is done under local anaesthesia. You will be awake during the surgery and you will feel some pressure/ discomfort during the procedure.

What are the risks of cataract surgery?

Every surgical procedure has its risks. The risk of cataract surgery is less than 1%, and the possible complications include infection, capsular rupture, glaucoma, and retinal detachment, just to name a few.